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Japanese tea culture and tea plantations


The best place to product green tea : Shizuoka


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Shizuoka prefecture is famous for its production of green tea. We have the best quality and amount of tea in Japan, so tea means "Shizuoka tea" for many people in Japan, even in other countries. You may have seen tea plantations which spread out along Shinkansen or highways. Shizuoka tea is high quality tea which gets many prizes at competitions because of its high production technology which has been accumulated since old time, as well as its topography and climate which is suitable for making tea. Also with the other prefectures, many production areas in Shizuoka prefecture improved together through friendly rivalry and their effort to make better tea is evaluated. The high flavored tea which is cultivated by a special agricultural method called "Chagusaba Nouhou" which is certified by GIAHS (Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems).
*Chagusaba Nouhou/ It's a traditional agricultural method to spread the grass such as silver grass or bamboo grass as an organic matter on furrows for high quality tea production. The grass which is mowed at the Chagusaba (half wild grass land) around the tea plantation is dried and cut to put into the tea plantation. It is said that it makes the tea taste and smell better.


The history of Japanese tea
It is said that it was 1,200 years ago when tea came from China. But it was just drunk by rich people and didn't become popular. With the times, it became common among the samurai class, and ordinary people became to be able to enjoy it in Edo period. It is said that a monk brought tea seeds back from China and he spread them in Ashikubo which is suburb of Shizuoka city. It was the beginning of Shizuoka tea. We can tell that Shizuoka prefecture has been a product area of tea from old time by literatures. At the Meiji Restoration, samurais who lost their job cultivated Makinohara platform which was undeveloped wilderness, and it became the best tea production place in Japan.

Point!
Many kinds of tea such as Japanese green tea, Chinese oolong tea, and Western black tea are made from the same tea tree of the theaceae family, and the difference between them is the fermentation degree of the tea leaves!
・Japanese tea → unfermented tea
・oolong tea → half fermented tea
・Black tea → fully fermented tea
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The scenery of the tea plantation
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Shizuoka prefecture amounts for 40 percent of all tea plantations in Japan, and there are over 20 tea production areas such as Makinohara, Kawane, Kakegawa, Haruno, Tenryu, Motoyama, Shimizu, Numazu and more. Some of them are extensive tea plantations which stretch as far as the eye can see, some are located in the deep mountains quietly where is hard to find. It is recommended to look around the scenery of the tea plantations which have unique characteristics for each area. You will deeply understand the difference of the taste of each area.


Famous tea production areas in Shizuoka prefecture
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①Tenryu, Haruno, Mori tea production area ②Chuen tea production area 
③Makinohara tea production area ④Kawane tea production area
⑤Shida tea production area ⑥Honyama tea production area 
⑦Shimizu, Ihara tea production area ⑧Fuji, Numazu tea production area
★Tea plantation map in Shizuoka http://www.fujinokuni-viewtea.jp/map/ (Japanese)


Activities related to tea!
※ Please check the details such as the date and time on each homepage before going there.

★Tea leaf picking/hand rolling experience
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Chapia http://www.inhamamatsu.com/activity/chapia.php

Grinpia Makinohara http://inshizuoka.com/factory/gurinpia-makinohara.php
<Tea leaf picking>From the end of April to the beginning of October
Adult 820 yen (including a souvenir) / Elementary school students 720 yen
Rental fee of a costume of Cha-musume (tea picking girl) 880 yen


Yamakashoen http://www.yamakasho.com/index.html (Japanese)
<Tea leaf picking>From around the end of April to the beginning of July
864 yen per person (including a souvenir)
Rental fee of a costume of Cha-musume (tea picking girl) 864 yen

<Tea leaf hand rolling>From the end of July to the end of November
2,160 yen per person *A group of two or more people can apply


★Cha-kabuki
You will learn Japanese tea culture by playing an old elegant game called "Cha-kabuki" which you guess the kinds of tea.

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Muramatsu Shoten http://394108.jp (Japanese)
<Cha-kabuki>Reservation needed (053-485-9526 only in Japanese)
Throughout the year (except for from the middle of April to June, December)
2,000 yen per person / Up to 13 people can be accepted



Enjoy tea culture around Hamamatsu station

Shouintei http://www.inhamamatsu.com/culture/shointei.php
Enjoy a calm moment, viewing the Japanese garden and experiencing the tea ceremony at Shointei
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Ryumondo http://chanoyu.hamazo.tv (Japanese)
The tea and tea-things shop established in 1917.
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Marui en http://www.maruienchaho.com (Japanese)
A Japanese tea specialty store founded in 1920. Most of them are original blends of shop confidence. You can purchase fresh tea packed on the spot sold in bulk as it is now rare.
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